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Exercise Training and Insulin Resistance: A Current Review

TitleExercise Training and Insulin Resistance: A Current Review
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsKeshel, TE, Coker, RH
JournalJournal of Obesity and Weight Loss Therapy
Volume5
IssueSuppl 5
Pagination S5-003
Date PublishedEpub 2015 Jul 30
Abstract

There is a general perception that increased physical activity will improve glucose homeostasis in all individuals. While this is an attractive concept, this conclusion may be overly simplistic and even misleading. The topic was reviewed extensively over 30 years ago and it was concluded that acute exercise enhances glucose uptake. However, in some cases the chronic influence of interventions utilizing exercise may have little effect on glucose metabolism. Moreover, insulin resistance often returns to near baseline levels within a couple of days following cessation of the exercise bout; leaving the overall effectiveness of the intervention in question. Since improving glucose homeostasis should be the focal endpoint of any intervention designed to mitigate the overwhelming degree of insulin resistance in individuals at risk for metabolic disease, it is essential to evaluate the key components of a successful approach.

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