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Knut Kielland

Moose in a clearing
Credit: 
Knut Kielland
Research Interests: 

My research focuses on northern ecology including biogeochemistry and nutrient cycling, physiological plant ecology, soil-plant-animal interactions, and predator-prey ecology. I engage in experimental field investigations, modeling studies of plant and animal populations, as well as interdisciplinary socio-ecological research. Since 1991 I have been an active investigator with the Bonanza Creek Long-Term Ecological Research (BNZ-LTER) program focusing on the ecological processes in boreal forest ecosystems in the context of climate change. As a Senior Investigator on the BNZ-LTER I study soil-plant-herbivore interactions using large, permanent mammal exclosures. Since 1998 my colleagues and I have been monitoring the demography of snowshoe hares via live-captures on permanent trapping grids, and in 2008 I started deploying VHF and GPS transmitters on hares and their major predator, Canada lynx, for further studies of habitat use, activity patterns, and dispersal. I have a strong interest in interdisciplinary research as indicated by previous projects addressing issues such as the ecology and economics of caribou-reindeer interactions (NSF 1999-2005) and the effects of river ice dynamics on subsistence activities in rural Alaska (NSF 2009-2013). I maintain numerous collaborations with state and federal resource agencies on projects related to the ecology and management of wildlife in Alaska.

 Current projects associated with the Bonanza Creek LTER program are:

  • Interactions of succession and mammalian herbivory in boreal forests
  • Habitat use and migratory behavior of caribou
  • Population monitoring of snowshoe hares
  • Snowshoe hare - predator relationships

 

Credit: 
Knut Kielland
Knut Kielland
Professor of Ecology
Office: 
406 Irving 1
907-474-7164
Lab: 
408/409 Irving 1
x7162
Postal Address: 
Institute of Arctic Biology
PO Box 757000
University of Alaska Fairbanks
Fairbanks, AK 99775-7000
  • 1990: Ph.D. (Ecology), University of Alaska Fairbanks
  • 1982: B.S. (Anthropology & Biology), University of Alaska Fairbanks
  • 2016 - present: Professor, Dept. of Biology & Wildlife, Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks
  • 2008 - present: Associate Professor, Dept. of Biology & Wildlife, Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks
  • 2001 - 2008:  Associate Research Professor, IAB, UAF
  • 1999 - 2001:  Affiliate Associate Professor, Dept of Biology and Wildlife, UAF
  • 1990 -1999:  Research Associate, IAB, UAF 

2008

Cebrian, M.R., Kielland, K. & Finstad, G., 2008. Forage Quality and Reindeer Productivity: Multiplier Effects Amplified by Climate Change. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 40, pp.48–54.
Clilverd, H.M., Jones, J.B. & Kielland, K., 2008. Nitrogen retention in the hyporheic zone of a glacial river in interior Alaska. Biogeochemistry, 88, pp.31–46.
Lisuzzo, N., Kielland, K. & Jones, J.B., 2008. Hydrologic controls on nitrogen availability in a high-latitude, semi-arid floodplain. Ecoscience, 15, pp.366–376.

2007

Kielland, K., McFarland, J.W. & Ruess, R.W., 2007. Rapid cycling of organic nitrogen in taiga forest ecosystems. Ecosystems, 10, pp.360–368.

2006

Chapin III, F.S. et al., 2006. Summary and synthesis: Past and future changes in the Alaskan boreal forest. In F. S. Chapin III et al. Alaska’s Changing Boreal Forest. Alaska’s Changing Boreal Forest. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 332–338.
Kielland, K., Byrant, J. & Ruess, R.W., 2006. Alaska’s Changing Boreal Forest. In M. W. Oswood et al. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, pp. 211–226.
Rexstad, E. & Kielland, K., 2006. Alaska’s Changing Boreal Forest. In M. W. Oswood et al. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, pp. pp. 121-132.
Valentine, D.W. et al., 2006. Patterns of biogeochemistry in Alaskan boreal forests. In F. S. Chapin, III et al. Alaska's Changing Boreal Forest. Alaska's Changing Boreal Forest. New York: Oxford University, pp. 241-266.

Pages

  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • Ecological Society of America
  • The Wildlife Society
  • Tanana Dogmushers Association
  • Yukon River Drainage Fisheries Association
  • PI  - Movement patterns of lynx in relation to snowshoe hare abundance, Northwest Boreal LCC, 2017 - 2018, $60,000
  • PI  - Dietary analysis of martens in interior Alaska based on stable isotopes signatures, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, 2015-2016, $11,235.
  • PI – Ecology of lynx near their northern range limit, USGS, 10/14 – 10/15, $22,876
  • PI – Dietary analysis of furbearers in interior Alaska based on stable isotope analysis, ADF&G, 12/13 – 12/14, $10,000
  • PI - Interactions of Fire and Thermokarst Affecting Ecological Change In Alaska, USGS, 6/11-5/16, $379,470
  • PI -  Integrating Remote Sensing and Local Knowledge to Monitor Seasonal River Ice Dynamics, National Institutes for Water Resources,3/11 – 3/12,$22,290
  • PI - Nutritional Ecology of snowshoe hares, National Park Service, 9/10 – 9/14, $11,179
  • PI – Dangerous Ice: Human perspectives on changing winter conditions in interior Alaska,NSF Social Sciences ARO, 08/09 – 07/12, $359,264
  • PI – Primary Succession on Yukon River Floodplains, USDA Forest Service, 07/01/07-06/30/12, $75,000
  • PI – Feedbacks between river hydrology and terrestrial nitrogen dynamics in taiga forests,The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, 6/02-9/05, $296,291
  • PI - Reindeer herding in transition: feedback between climate, caribou and local communities in Northwestern Alaska, NSF, 11/99-6/05, $1,257,636
  • PI – Arctic hunters as reindeer herders, NSF, supplement to Reindeer herding in transition, 10/01-6/04, $23,119
  • PI – Controls over white spruce establishments in floodplain plant communities, US Forest Service, 10/01-10/06, $55,000
  • PI - Effects of moose on dynamics of floodplain communities, US Forest Service, 9/99-8/04, $56,533
  • PI - The role of organic nitrogen in the nitrogen economy of taiga trees, USDA-NRI Ecosystems 6/99-5/02, $467,500
  • Co-PI – Mutualistic partner choice in alder across a forest successional sequence in interior Alaska (Ruess PI), NSF 06/-1/07 – 05/31/10), $796,227
  • Co-PI – Lake Clark moose habitat/calf survival study (Griffith – PI), National Park Service, 7/03 – 8/08, $405,999
  • Co-PI - Moose herbivory and browse quality along latitudinal gradients in Alaska and Scandinavia, (Edenius – PI), STINT, 7/00-12/03, $15,000
  • Co-PI - Bathurst calving ground studies, West Kitikmeot Slave Study Society (Griffith PI) 1998-2001, $297,764
  • Co-PI - Landscape patterns of  heavy metal concentrations in reindeer and caribou in Northwestern Alaska, Natural Resources Fund, 3/99-3/00, $18,350
  • Biology 104X Natural History of Alaska
  • Biology 371 Principles of Ecology
  • Biology 493 Winter Ecology
Current Graduate Students (More info)
  • Justin Burrows
  • Matthew Cameron
  • Madison McConnell
  • Claire Montgomerie
  • Justin Olnes
  • Jiake Zhou
Past Graduate Students
  • Dana Nossov Brown 2016 (Ph.D.) Climate-induced changes to fire-permafrost interactions in the Alaskan boreal forest
  • Aditi Shenoy 2016 (Ph.D.) Role of fire severity in controlling patterns of stand dominance following wildfire in boreal forests
  • Casey Brown 2016 (Ph.D.) Socio-ecological drivers od resource selection and habitat use of moose in Interior Alaska
  • Chas Jones 2014 (Ph.D.) Controls over ice dynamics of the Tanana river
  • Suzanne Worker 2013 (M.S.) Causes and consequences of geophagy in snowshoe hares
  • Dashiell Feierabend 2013 (M.S.) Controls over survival and activity pattern in snowshoe hares
  • Cameron Carroll 2013 (M.S.) Modeling effects of winter severity and fire on moose populations
  • Neil Lehner 2012 (M.S.) Winter movements and diets of arctic foxes on Alaska's North Slope
  • Greg Finstad 2008 (Ph.D) Range ecology of reindeer on the Seward Peninsula
  • Rachel Lord 2008 (M.S.) Variable fire severity in Alaska's boreal forst: implications for forage production and moose utilization patterns
  • Amy Angell 2007 (M.S.) Interactions of moose herbivory and white spruce regeneration on the Tanana River floodplain
  • Andrew Borner 2006 (M.S.) Plant phenology and seasonal nitrogen availability in arctic snowbed communities
  • Nancy Werdin 2006 (M.S.) Soil amino acid composition across a boreal forest successional sequence
  • Kumi Rattenbury 2006 (M.S.) Interactions of climate and caribou incursion on management of reindeer in Western Alaska
  • Merben Cebrian 2005 (M.S) Effects of simulated climate change on phenology and chemistry of reindeer forage plants in western Alaska
  • Nicholas Lisuzzo 2005 (M.S.) Physical controls over nitrogen supply in early successional riparian ecosystems along the Tanana River, Alaska
  • Lem Butler 2003 (M.S.) The role of mammalian herbivores in primary succession on the Tanana River floodplain, interior Alaska
In the News

Peer Reviewer

  • Acta Theriologica
  • Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment
  • American Midland Naturalist
  • American Naturalist
  • Arctic, Arctic Antarctic &  Alpine Research
  • Biogeochemistry
  • Biogeosciences
  • Canadian Journal of Botany
  • Canadian Journal of Forest Research
  • Canadian Journal of Zoology
  • Ecography
  • Ecological Applications
  • Ecology
  • Ecology Letters
  • Écoscience
  • Ecosystems
  • Environmental & Experimental Botany
  • Forest Ecology & Management
  • Functional Ecology
  • Geophysical Research Letters
  • Global Change Biology
  • International Journal of Plant & Soil Science
  • ISRN Forestry
  • Journal of Animal Ecology
  • Journal of Ecology
  • Journal of Environmental Quality
  • Journal of Vegetation Science
  • Journal of Wildlife Management
  • Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE
  • Landscape Ecology
  • Letters in Applied Microbiology
  • Nature
  • New Phytologist
  • Oecologia
  • Oikos,
  • Pedosphere
  • Physiologia Plantarum
  • Plant and Soil
  • Plant Ecology & Diversity
  • Polar Biology
  • Polar Science
  • Quarterly Review of Biology
  • Soil Biology & Biochemistry
  • Soil Science Society of America Journal
  • Tree Physiology
  • Wildlife Biology
  • Wildlife Society Bulletin